Nikon D300 & D90 Best Underwater Settings for Macro

This article also applies to using a Nikon D7000, D80, D60, D200, etc. for underwater photography.

By Scott Gietler

 

 

This is the first part in a series where we discuss camera settings when shooting fish, wide-angle or macro underwater photography, with a Nikon or Canon setup.

 

d300 underwater settings for underwater photography

Colmani shrimp from Anilao, taken at F20.

 

Initial Settings for the beginner dSLR underwater macro photographer

 

Aperture (F-stop): F16. Well, there's many potential "starting" apertures, but F16 is as good as any. But see what happens when you forget to "dial down" in this thread.

Shutter Speed: 1/320th for the D300 or D300s, 1/200th for the D80/D90. 1/250th for the D7000.  If you are using a D300, Check your E1 custom menu setting, see the bottom of this article.

ISO: 200, ISO 100 for the D7000

Strobe power: Set it manually, or use that TTL converter that you paid dearly for! I've done both, each has their pros and cons.

Understanding the finer points of adjusting Aperture, Shutter-speed and ISO are best covered in an in-person underwater photography class. But we will talk about changing these settings in a future article.

 

nudibranch underwater photography with a nikon d300

Nudibranch in Bali. F20

 

Quality:   I like to shoot in RAW + small fine JPEG, on a SanDisk Extreme memory card. This doesn't take up much more space than shooting only in RAW, but I have a jpeg ready for a quick posting. Read about choosing raw or jpeg

Focusing mode: Spot focus. Learn how to move your focus point around.

Light metering: doesn't matter

White balance: Auto. Effects JPEGs only. Read more about color temperature.

 

mantis shrimp underwater photo

Mantis shrimp from Anilao, F11

 

 Focus priority mode - single-shot focus. 

           If your camera has continuous focus mode, also called servo-focus mode, that means the camera will continuously focus, and allow you to release the shutter at any time. I often use this mode with low-contrast subjects, in low-light, and when doing supermacro. This article on low-contrast underwater photography may be helpful. I adjust this with my C/S/M switch on my Nikon D300, and I use this switch often.

 

 

underwater macro photo with snoot

Anemone, Southern california, F13. Taken with a snoot to control reflections and backscatter.

 

Less important Nikon D300 / D90 underwater settings:

Color space (for dSLR users, effects JPEGs only)

            dSLRs have the option for shooting in adobe RGB, or sRGB. Adobe is a larger color space, is better for printing, and is the recommended color space. However, you might have to convert to sRGB for posting photos to the web. sRGB is the color space used on monitors. There are also other color space options, but these are beyond the scope of this guide. There are entire books out on color spaces.

 

 janolus nudibranch

Janolus Nudibranch, from Southern California. Taken at F18

 

Vivid mode (effects JPEGs only)

 

            When shooting in JPEG, underwater photos can often look better in vivid mode, especially since color saturation is sometimes reduced lost when light travels underwater. Give it a try, you can always turn it off if you think your photos are coming out too saturated. Objects that are very red can get oversaturation, so if you are shooting JPEGs, you might want to turn this setting off, or make sure you don't overexpose.

 

High ISO noise reduction (effects JPEGs only)

 

Many dSLRs have a setting for High ISO noise reduction, which will be turned on only for ISO above a certain number, e.g. ISO 800 or above on the D300. I leave mine on normal, but some people prefer low or off, since the noise reduction is in effect slightly blurring the photo.

Sharpness (effects JPEGs only)

I usually keep this at normal.

 

Custom Menu Settings

  • I turn off my AF-assist light (A9 on my D300)

  • I turn my flash-sync speed to 1/320th (E1)

  • My dynamic auto-focus area is on 51 points (A3).

  • My LCD illumination is turned on (D8)

 

 

Tiny pelagic tube anemone larvae, open ocean. F13

 

 

Further Reading

Best lenses for macro photography

Choosing a macro lens for your underwater photography

Macro underwater photography strobe positions

Getting a black background in your underwater photography

Best muck diving destinations

Comments

I have a D90 and

I have a D90 and experimenting with different settings and I found out that "auto ISO" using a strobe is a no no. everything was washed out/no color even when I manually varied the Strobe power - the shot's still looked the same lousy washed out exposure.

Should I be able to take

Should I be able to take reasonable underwater photos (good colour etc) in auto mode on the Nikon D90?
thanks
ChristiK